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The Berkley School was built by five black men acting as Trustees in 1868 largely because efforts of the Freedmens' Bureau proved ineffective in this part of Maryland and stands as a rare, early instance of black-begun and black-run educational efforts in the former slave-owning areas of the nation. The second story was for the just-established Hosanna Church and was also used for meetings by various black fraternal orders and lodges."