I never cut trees stump down to the ground, choosing instead to leave a bole of 5' or more to remain. Boles mature more slowly than wood of similar girth left to decay on the ground, and a bole provides a handy home for insects, birds, mammals, and a convenient seat when I want to rest in the woodland. This plaited copper bole began life as dusty, red-orange copper. The patina continually changing the color evolves guided by the metal's interactions with the environment. Recycled material, copper, chemical patina, polychrome 20" x 14" x15"